Country in Focus: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a democratic country that is still recovering from the lengthy civil war in Yugoslavia in 1992. During the three-year war, a large number of women and children have been raped, while violence was also reported against men. With the Dayton Peace Agreement, the war ended in 1995, but not the sentiments of the people. The agreement tried to balance the political power among the ethnic groups in the country, the Bosniaks, the Serbs, and the Croats, which led to a complex three-level political system. As the peace coexistence is based on this agreement, the situation is intensified currently, and the elections of October 2022 reveal so.

The economy of the country is based mainly on agriculture. Over the years an improvement has been detected, yet the capacity of the country is low especially after the economic crisis, with one of the highest unemployment rates, and the effect of Covid-19 and the war in Ukraine.

The gender aspects in Bosnia are of concern in Gender Concerns International. Women experience gender inequality and violence, with cultural norms being deeply rooted in their position and capabilities. Discrimination is detected in political representation, in the labor market with unemployment, in education, and health care. Besides the legal framework and the conventions that Bosnia has ratified gender-blindness characterizes its system, and improvement in this field are yet to be made.

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